Books Coverage for ESE (E&C)

Dear friends
I wish to share with you coverage of standard textbooks which I
referred during my semesters and ESE preparation. I’ve written this
keeping in mind that people generally don’t want to spend time on
books seeing less benefit to cost ratio. In most of the blogs only book
names are referred. But I always wanted to know what to do/leave in a
book. Unfortunately I had to wait till my own result to write this! I’ve
tried to list down the sections which are relevant for ESE exam. After
finishing a subject, do solve previous year’s questions. These questions
will provide more insights on relevance of book you are reading or
whether something more needs to be done.

Many of you in colleges might not be having access to coaching or are
unwilling to spend time and money. Why not study now? It’s ok to feel
lost and demotivated during your preparation. Just make a start. A bit
of sincerity and patience is needed. Let ESE be an option for you and
not a compulsion!

I know there is scope for more refinement in this list. Please suggest
changes and other good books. For suggestions contact me on

Sumit Singh
ESE 2016, AIR 29
ESE 2015 (reserve List)

Microelectronic circuits 6th edition
By Sedra and Smith

Chapter 1(Introduction to Electronics and semiconductors)
leave 1.7.
1.8 to 1.13 can be left (Solve problems only) if covered from

Chapter 2(Diodes)
Refer class notes also (any coaching’s)

Chapter 3(BJTs)
(leave 3.8, 3.10 cover frequency response from Boylestad book)

Chapter 4 (MOSFETs)
Leave 4.10, 4.12, 4.13(but do 4.13.4), 4.16 (VLSI topic)

Chapter 5 (Operational Amplifier)
Don’t leave anything!

Chapter 7: Feedback
Do this topic from boylestad and notes.

Chapter 8 (Differential and multistage Amplifiers)
Do 8.3 and 8.1

Chapter 9 (Operational-Amplifier and Data Converter circuits)
Do 9.1.4, 9.1.7, 9.9, 9.10

Chapter 10 (Digital CMOS logic Logic circuits)
Do 10.3.2 to 10.3.7

Chapter 11 (filters and tuned amplifiers)
Do 11.1, 11.4, 11.5, 11.11. refer notes.
This chapter can be left to be covered at end of syllabus if found

Chapter 12 (Signal generators and waveform shaping circuits)
Leave 12.8

Power amplifiers: Read Boylestad for class A and B, class C and D from

Electronic Devices and Circuit theory 10th edition
By Robert L. Boylestad

Computer analysis and practical application topics are not important for
conventional exam.

Chapter 1: Semiconductor diodes
leave 1.12, 1.14

Chapter 2: Diode Applications

Chapter 3: Bipolar Junction Transistors
leave 3.9, 3.10, 3.10, 3.11, 3.13

Chapter 4: DC Biasing-BJTs

Chapter 5: BJT AC analysis
Leave AC analysis of Darlington circuit and feedback pair.
Complicated derivations can be ignored. Focus on approximate analysis
more. Don’t try to remember formula. Just grasp analysis and problem

Chapter 6: Field Effect Transistors
leave 6.5

Chapter 7: FET biasing
leave 7.12, 7.14

Chapter 8: FET Amplifiers
Complicated derivations can be ignored. Focus on approximate analysis
more. Don’t try to remember formula. Just grasp analysis and problem

Chapter 9: BJT and JFET frequency response

Chapter 10: Operational Amplifiers
Leave 10.3

Chapter 11: Op-Amp applications

Chapter 12: Power Amplifiers
Very well explained in this book.

Chapter 14: Feedback and oscillator circuits

Chapter 15: Power Supplies

Chapter 16 and 17 can be left to be covered at end of preparation. Not
so important from here. Tunnel diode, SCR should be done from

Note : Theory portion for diodes, BJT, OP-Amp and oscillators should be
done from Sedra. Do only problems from Boylestad if you don’t have

Solid State Electronic Devices 6th edition
By Ben G. Streetman

Chapter1: Crystal properties and growth of semiconductor
Do 1.3

Chapter 2: Atoms and electrons
Leave this chapter

Chapter 3:Energy bands and charge carriers in semiconductors
No need to remember quantum stuff (3.1.2, 3.1.5,3.2.2)

Chapter 4: Excess carriers in semiconductors
Do 4.1, 4.2, 4.3.1, 4.4.1-4

Chapter 5: Junctions
Do 5.1, 5.2
In 5.3 do upto pg. 188 and eg. 5.4, avoid quasi Fermi level discussion
Do 5.4.1-2 upto pg 198, 5.4.4, 5.5.4-5, 5.7.1-3

Chapter 6: Field-Effect Transistors
Do 6.2.1-2, 6.3.1-2, 6.4.1-4, fig 6.21 and first para on pg. 288, 6.5.6,

Chapter 7: Bipolar Junction Transistors
Do 7.1, 7.2, do Ebers-Moll model from Millman Grabel/halkias book,
Chapter 8: Optoelectronic Devices
Do 8.1.1-3, 8.2, 8.3. Refer john M. Senior for LED and photodiode.

Chapter 9: Integrated Circuits
Do 9.3.1 upto page 449 third para. , pg. 462 second para, 9.4
9.5.2 for GATE

Chapter 10: High-Frequency and High-Power Devices
Do all sections thoroughly.

Principles of electromagnetics 4 th edition by
Matthew N.O. Sadiku

All chapters except chapter 13 are to be done. Only remember those
derivations which have been asked previously. For some topics

Chapter 2: Vector calculus
Don’t try to remember curl and divergence formula for all three
coordinate systems. See William hyat appendix for general method to
calculate curl and divergence. Or refer class notes.

Digital Design 4th edition by M. Morris Mano
Leave Computer design topics
Chapter 1: Digital Systems and Binary Numbers

Chapter 2: Boolean Algebra and Logic Gates

Chapter 3: Gate-Level Minimization
Leave 3.10
Chapter 4: Combinational Logic

Chapter 5: Synchronous Sequential Logic
Leave 5.6
Chapter 6: Registers and Counters
Leave pg 272-281

Chapter 7: Memory and programmable Logic
Leave 7.8, (questions from 7.6, 7.7 not asked )

Chapter 10: Digital Integrated Circuits

Note: for ADC, DAC refer Digital Systems Principles and Applications
(Pearson Publication)by R.J. Tocci /R.P. Jain/ any Indian author.

Automatic Control Systems 8 th edition by
Benjamin C kuo

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Mathematical Foundation
Do 2.5, rest can be skipped if signals and systems already done.

Chapter 3: Block diagrams and signal flow graphs

Chapter 4: Modeling of physical systems
Questions are rarely asked. Not so important

Chapter 5: State variable analysis
Do upto 5.7.2, canonical form representation and decomposition of
transfer functions not asked frequently, understand observability and
controllability concepts. Refer any Indian author book for this chapter if
unable to grasp anything from here.

Chapter 6: Stability of linear control systems

Chapter 7: Time domain analysis of control
Leave 7.7, 7.10

Chapter 8: Root-Locus technique
Leave 8.5

Chapter 9: Frequency domain analysis
Leave 9.15,16

Chapter 10: Design of Control Systems
Do 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7
Leave examples in above section. Just remember circuit diagrams,
formula and effect of each on steady state and transient response.
See previous years question or any Indian author book for practice.

Engineering circuit analysis 7 th
edition by W H Hayt
Try unsolved problems also. For more problems refer Alexander Sadiku.

Chapter 2: Basic components and electric circuits

Chapter 3: Voltage and current laws
Chapter 4: Basic nodal and mesh analysis

Chapter5: Network Topology
Also refer K.M. Soni book for this chapter.

Chapter 6: Network theorems and useful circuit analysis techniques

Chapter 7: Capacitors and inductors

Chapter 8: Basic RL and RC circuits

Chapter 15: Circuit analysis in s domain

Chapter 9: The RLC circuit
Use Laplace as alternative if differential equation method is difficult.

Chapter 10: Sinusoidal steady-state analysis

Chapter 11: AC circuit power analysis

Chapter 13: Magnetically coupled circuits

Chapter 14: Complex frequency and the laplace transform
Leave this chapter if already covered in signals and system

Chapter 16: Frequency response
leave 16.5, 16.6, refer class notes /any Indian author

Chapter 17: Two port networks

Chapter 18: Fourier circuit analysis
Leave this chapter if done in signals and systems. Do solved examples
For network synthesis Refer Van Valkenburg

Signals and Systems 2 nd
edition by H P HSU
(Schaum’s outlines)
Must do all solved examples from this book and Oppenheim.
Remember all formulas given in Appendix B and Appendix F.
Do the basic problems of Oppenheim after completing this book for
more practice.
Nowadays signal processing concepts like discrete filters etc are also
asked. Refer Schaum/Oppenheim DSP book/ your B.Tech notes for that.

Chapter 1: Signals and System

Chapter 2: Linear time invariant systems
Refer Oppenheim for differential equation solutions and eigen value

Chapter 3: Laplace transform and continuous time LTI system

Chapter4 : Sampling
Refer Oppenheim also

Chapter 5: The Z transform and discrete time LTI systems

Chapter 6: Fourier analysis of continuous time signals and systems

Chapter 7: Fourier analysis of discrete time signals and systems

Chapter 8: State space analysis

Chapter 9: Random variables and processes
Better do it after reading Communication systems text book.

Communication Systems 4 th
edition by Simon

Background and preview

Chapter 1: Random Processes
Leave 1.13,1.14

Chapter 2: Continuous-Wave modulation
For FM generation and demodulation refer any other book like
Taub Schilling /Singh & Sapre/B.P. Lathi
Leave 2.8
In 2.13 Leave FM threshold effect analysis and FM Threshold reduction
Try unsolved problems 1,4,6,9,10,11,16,21,22,27,28,29,31,33,34,37.

Chapter 3: Pulse modulation
In 3.2 do upto eq 3.33 pg.197.
Leave 3.13, 3.15, 3.16
Try problems 3, 18,27.

Note: for digital communication refer Schaum’s outlines if you find this
book difficult. Tough questions from Digital comm. are rarely asked in
ESE, but more important for GATE.

Chapter 4: Baseband pulse transmission
Leave 4.6,4.7,4.8( do it for interview),4.9,4.10
Read eye pattern from B.P. lathi

Chapter 5: Signal space analysis
Do 5.1,5.2

Chapter 6: Passband data transmission
Do 6.1, 6.2, 6.3(Leave offset QPSK, π/4 shifted QPSK), 6.4(upto eg. 6.3),
6.9, 6.10

Chapter 7: Spread spectrum Modulation
Do 7.1, 7.2(upto pg. 482), 7.3, 7.7(only half of pg. 500)

Chapter 8: Multiuser Radio communication
Do upto 8.4

Chapter 9: Fundamental limits in Information theory
Do 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4(only Huffman coding),9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.9, 9.10

Chapter 10: Error control coding
Just do (minimum distance considerations) hamming code on pg 637

Analog and Digital Communication (Schaum’s outlines)3rd
edition by HWEI P HSU

Must to do all solved problems of relevant chapters. Some important
results and derivations are there in them.

Chapter 1: Signals and Spectra
Note sinc function on pg. 1.7-8, skip this chapter if already completed
signals and system
Chapter 2: Signal Transmission and filtering

Chapter 3: Amplitude modulation

Chapter 4: Angle modulation

Chapter 5: Pulse Modulation System
Note eg. 5.8

Chapter 6: Probability and Random Variables

Chapter 7: Random Process
Leave 7.6A i.e. Gaussian random processs

Chapter 8: Noise
More relevant for GATE than ESE

Chapter 9: Noise in Analog Communication Systems
More relevant for GATE than ESE

Chapter 10: Digital Modulation and Demodulation
All derivations in theory portion are important.

Chapter 11: Information theory and source coding

Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Application with 8085 5th
edition by Ramesh Gaonkar
Appendix F is very important. Notice the flags, M-cycles and T-states on
pg. 780-783.
Attempt at least those unsolved problem whose answers are given in
Appendix G.

Chapter 1: Microprocessors, microcomputers and Assembly language

Chapter 2: Introduction to 8085 assembly language programming

Chapter 3: Microprocessor Architecture and Microcomputer Systems

Chapter 4: 8085 Microprocessor Architecture and Memory interfacing

Chapter 6: Introduction to 8085 Instructions

Chapter 7: Programming techniques with Additional Instructions

Chapter 8: Counters and Time Delays

Chapter 9: Stacks and Subroutines

Chapter 10: Code conversion, BCD Arithmetic, and 16-bit Data
Do 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.9

Chapter 12: Interrupts

Read some peripherals such as 8155(14.2), 8259(15.5),8237(15.6) and
those asked in previous years exam questions.

Computer System Architecture 3rd
edition by M. Morris Mano

Read 8.8 RISC,CISC, pipelining on Pg. 284-287
Read Chapter 12

1. For Instrumentation and measurement refer class notes and A.K.
2. For material science refer class notes and S.P. Seth, A.J. Dekker for
superconductivity etc.
3. For Antenna basics do first 2 chapters of C.A. Balanis book.
4. For more practice on Control systems refer B.S. Manke/ any other
Indian author.
5. For fibre optic communication and optoelectronics refer John M.
6. For microwave (not in syllabus now) refer Samuel Y. Liao.
7. For satellite comm. I don’t know a good source.{I referred Satellite
networking by Zhili Sun (first 2 chapters leaving maths), Chapter 4
Radio wave propagation of Satellite Communications by Dennis
Roddy}. For Cellular networks and LOS budget calculation refer
Wireless Communication by Rappaport.
8. For programming refer ANSI C by E. Balaguruswamy./ youtube .
9. For TCP/IP and OSI model refer chapter 2 Of CCNA-ICND1 (free
pdf available on internet)/ Forouzan.
10. Advanced Electronics topics , Computer Architecture and
Basic Electrical Engineering–I don’t know (someone please
suggest!). However, for basic electrical engineering refer Ashfaq
Hussain. For embedded systems refer Mazidi book(Pearson
publication). For DSP refer Schaum’s outlines for filter design first.
If doesn’t help then Oppenheim Book (Discrete time signal

OBC Creamy Layer Criteria

        It is observed in many cases that people are not aware of all the criteria related to the OBC Creamy layer categorization. Many times candidates apply to competitive examinations with the OBC non-Creamy layer category but at the time of document verification, they have to face problems and in some cases their candidature is at stake of cancellation. For clarity of OBC creamy layer, I am broadly discussing three cases below:

1) If your Father/Mother is working in Central Government Department:

S. No. Condition Category
1 If Father & Mother both are appointed as Group-A Officer OBC Creamy Layer
2 If Father & Mother both are appointed as Group-B Officer OBC Creamy Layer
3 If either Father or Mother is appointed as Group-A Officer OBC Creamy Layer
4 If Father & Mother both appointed as other than Group-A or B Officer and both Promoted as Group-A or Group-B officer before age of 40 years OBC Creamy Layer
5 If Father & Mother both appointed as other than Group-A or B Officer and both Promoted as Group-B officer or any one promoted to Group-A before age of 40 years OBC Creamy Layer
6 If either Father or Mother is appointed as other than Group-A and Promoted to Group-A officer before age of 40 years OBC Creamy Layer

2) If your Father/Mother is working in State Government Department:

S. No. Condition Category
1 If Father & Mother both are appointed as Group-B Officer OBC Creamy Layer
2 If Father & Mother both appointed as other than Group-B Officer and both Promoted as Group-A officer before age of 40 years OBC Creamy Layer
3 If Father & Mother both appointed as other than Group-B Officer and both Promoted as Group-B officer or any one promoted to Group-A before age of 40 years OBC Creamy Layer
4 If either Father or Mother is appointed as other than Group-B and Promoted to Group-A officer before age of 40 years OBC Creamy Layer

3) If your Father/Mother is working in other Semi-Government/Autonomous Departments (PSU, Banks, Insurance Organizations, Universities etc.)

The criteria prescribed for determining creamy layer status of sons and daughters of persons in Government service mutatis mutandis applies to the sons and daughters of persons holding equivalent or comparable posts in PSUs, Banks, Insurance Organizations, Universities etc. and holding equivalent or comparable posts and positions under private employment. The creamy layer status of the sons and daughters of employees of organizations where evaluation of the posts on equivalent or comparable basis has not been made is determined on the basis of ‘Income/Wealth Test’ given in the Schedule. The Income/Wealth Test prescribes that the sons and daughters of persons having gross income of Rs. 6.0 lakh or above or possessing wealth above the exemption limit as prescribed in the Wealth Tax Act for a period of three consecutive years would be treated to fall in creamy layer.


Income of the parents from salaries and from the other sources [other than salaries and agricultural land] is determined separately. If either the income of the parents from the salaries or the income of the parents from other sources [other than salaries and agricultural land] exceeds the limit of Rs. 6.0 lakh per annum for a period of three consecutive years, the sons and daughters of such persons shall be treated to fall in creamy layer. But the sons and daughters of parents whose income from salaries is less than Rs. 6.0 lakh per annum and income from other sources is also less than Rs. 6.0 lakh per annum will not be treated as falling in creamy layer even if the sum of the income from salaries and the income from the other sources is more than Rs. 6.0 lakh per annum for a period of three consecutive years. It may be noted that income from agricultural land is not taken into account while applying the Test.

For detailed information and all the letters, circulars issued by Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions regarding the OBC Creamy/Non-creamy layer, please visit the link given below:

Link for proforma to be filled & submitted by OBC candidates at the time of documents verification for exam conducted by UPSC:

Link for downloading the updated OBC Proforma:

Comparison of GATE and ESE syllabus for Civil Engineering

SUBJECT                                    GATE UPSC ESE

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one-dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.

Numerical Methods: Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.



Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis


Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.








Solid Mechanics

Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.


Solid Mechanics

Elastic constants, Stress, plane stress, Strains, plane strain, Mohr’s circle of stress and strain, Elastic theories of failure, Principal Stresses, Bending, Shear and Torsion.




 Structural Analysis

Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.





Structural Analysis

Basics of strength of materials, Types of stresses and strains, Bending moments and shear force, concept of bending and shear stresses; Analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures; Trusses, beams, plane frames; Rolling loads, Influence Lines, Unit load method & other methods; Free and Forced vibrations of single degree and multi degree freedom system; Suspended Cables; Concepts and use of Computer Aided Design.


Construction Materials

Construction Materials: Structural steel – composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen.




Building Materials

Stone, Lime, Glass, Plastics, Steel, FRP, Ceramics, Aluminum, Fly Ash, Basic Admixtures, Timber, Bricks and Aggregates: Classification, properties and selection criteria; Cement: Types, Composition, Properties, Uses, Specifications and various Tests; Lime & Cement Mortars and Concrete: Properties and various Tests; Design of Concrete Mixes: Proportioning of aggregates and methods of mix design.

Construction Management

Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM.

Construction Practice, Planning and Management:

Construction – Planning, Equipment, Site investigation and Management including Estimation with latest project management tools and network analysis for different Types of works; Analysis of Rates of various types of works; Tendering Process and Contract Management, Quality Control, Productivity, Operation Cost; Land acquisition; Labour safety and welfare.

Concrete Structures

Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length;

Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Design of Concrete and Masonry structures:
Limit state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces; Design of beams, Slabs, Lintels, Foundations, Retaining walls, Tanks, Staircases; Principles of pre-stressed concrete design including materials and methods; Earthquake resistant design of structures; Design of Masonry Structure. 
Steel Structures

Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

Design of Steel Structures:

Principles of Working Stress methods, Design of tension and compression members, Design of beams and beam column connections, built-up sections, Girders, Industrial roofs, Principles of Ultimate load design.

Geotechnical Engineering Soil Mechanics

Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils – two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; One-dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.

Geo-technical Engineering

Soil exploration – planning & methods, Properties of soil, classification, various tests and inter-relationships; Permeability & Seepage, Compressibility, consolidation and Shearing resistance, Earth pressure theories and stress distribution in soil; Properties and uses of geo-synthetics.






Foundation Engineering

Sub-surface investigations – scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction.

Foundation Engineering

Types of foundations & selection criteria, bearing capacity, settlement analysis, design and testing of shallow & deep foundations; Slope stability analysis, Earthen embankments, Dams and Earth retaining structures: types, analysis and design, Principles of ground modifications.

Water Resources Engineering Fluid Mechanics

Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.


Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow.

Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow, Pipe Flow

Fluid properties; Dimensional Analysis and Modeling; Fluid dynamics including flow kinematics and measurements; Flow net; Viscosity, Boundary layer and control, Drag, Lift, Principles in open channel flow, Flow controls. Hydraulic jump; Surges; Pipe networks.

Hydraulic Machines and Hydro power

Various pumps, Air vessels, Hydraulic turbines – types, classifications & performance parameters; Power house – classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of supply.




Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.


Hydrological cycle, Ground water hydrology, Well hydrology and related data analysis; Streams and their gauging; River morphology; Flood, drought and their management; Capacity of Reservoirs.






Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes.

Water Resources Engineering

Multipurpose uses of Water, River basins and their potential; Irrigation systems, water demand assessment; Resources – storages and their yields; Water logging, canal and drainage design, Gravity dams, falls, weirs, Energy dissipaters, barrage Distribution works, Cross drainage works and head-works and their design; Concepts in canal design, construction & maintenance; River training, measurement and analysis of rainfall.

Environmental Engineering Water and Waste Water

Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Water Supply Engineering

Sources, Estimation, quality standards and testing of water and their treatment; Rural, Institutional and industrial water supply; Physical, chemical and biological characteristics and sources of water, Pollutants in water and its effects, Estimation of water demand; Drinking water Standards, Water Treatment Plants, Water distribution networks.

Waste Water Engineering

Planning & design of domestic waste water, sewage collection and disposal; Plumbing Systems. Components and layout of

sewerage system; Planning & design of Domestic Waste-water disposal system; Sludge management including treatment, disposal and re-use of treated effluents; Industrial waste waters and Effluent Treatment Plants including institutional and industrial sewage management.


Municipal Solid Wastes

Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).


Solid Waste Management

Sources & classification of solid wastes along with planning & design of its management system; Disposal system, Beneficial aspects of wastes and Utilization by Civil Engineers.

Air Pollution

Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

Air, Noise pollution and Ecology

Concepts & general methodology.



Transportation Engineering Transportation Infrastructure

Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments


Geometric design of railway track


Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.

Highway Pavements

Highway materials – desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011; Distresses in concrete pavements.

Traffic Engineering

Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time – delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads.


Planning & construction methodology, Alignment and geometric design; Traffic Surveys and Controls; Principles of Flexible and Rigid pavements design.



Alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage, lighting and ventilation.



Railways Systems

Terminology, Planning, designs and maintenance practices; track modernization.




Terminology, layouts and planning.



Layout, planning & design.

Geomatics Engineering Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.

Photogrammetry – scale, flying height; Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).


Classification of surveys, various methodologies, instruments & analysis of measurement of distances, elevation and directions; Field astronomy, Global Positioning System; Map preparation; Photogrammetry; Remote sensing concepts; Survey Layout for culverts, canals, bridges, road/railway alignment and buildings, Setting out of Curves.



Basic knowledge of Engineering geology & its application in projects.

Complete Medical Reqiremets for Engineering Services Candidates

Some of you have asked me about medical criteria for ESE physical examination.
In this post i am going to list complete medical requirements for candidates. After reading this post you will not have any doubt left in your mind about medical fitness criteria.

Note:- This is going to be a very long post because it contains complete medical requirements.You don’t need to read the whole post just skip to portion relevant to your query.Please read about your concerned part of the post very carefully. This is written in technical language. If you are not able to grasp it completely then you should take advice of a doctor. Medical criteria is subjected to change. I am posting the latest version.


1 .These regulations are published for the convenience of candidates and in order to enable them to ascertain the probability  of  their  coming  up  to  the  required  physical standard,  the  regulations  are  also  intended  to  provide guidelines to the medical examiners and a candidate who does not satisfy the minimum requirements prescribed in the  regulations  cannot  be  declared  Fit  by  the  medical examiners. However, while holding that a candidate is not fit according to the norms laid down in these regulations, it would be permissible for a Medical Board to recommend to the Government of India for reasons specifically recorded in  writing  that  he  may  be  admitted  to  service  without disadvantage to Government.

Note  :   The  Medical  Board  while  conducting  medical examination of the candidates who have applied against  the  posts  reserved  for  physically
handicapped category will keep in view the relevant provisions of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunity,  Protection  of  Right  and  Full
Participation) Act,  1995  wherein  the  extent  of permissible disability has been defined.

2. (a) The Government of India reserve to themselves absolute discretion to reject or accept any candidate after considering the report of the Medical Board.
(b) To be passed as fit for appointment, a candidate must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical  defect  likely  to  interfere  with  the  efficient performance of the duties on his/her appointment.

3. (a) In the matter of the correlation of age, height and chest girth of candidates of Indian (including Anglo-Indian) race, it is left to the Medical Board to use whether correlation figures are considered most suitable as a guide in  the  examination  of  the  candidates,  if  there  be  any disproportion with regard to height, weight and chest girth, the candidates should be Hospitalised for investigation and X-ray of the chest taken before the candidate is declared fit or not by the Board.

(b) However,  for  certain  Services  the  Minimum standards  for  height  and  chest  girth,  without  which candidate cannot be accepted are as follows :—

medicalThe minimum height prescribed is relaxable in case of candidate belonging to Scheduled Tribes and to races such as Gorkhas, Garhwalis, Assamese, Nagaland Tribes, etc. whose average height is distinctly lower.

(c) For the Military Engineering Service and Indian Ordnance Factories Service Group A, minimum expansion of 5 centimetres will be required in the matter of measurement of the chest.

4.  The  candidate’s  height  will  be  measured  as
He will remove his shoes and be placed against the standard with his feet together and the weight thrown on the heels and not on the toes or other sides of the feet, he will stand erect without rigidly and with the heels, caves, buttocks  and  shoulders  touching  the  standard,  the  chin will be repressed to bring the vertex of the head level under the  horizontal  bar  and  the  height  will  be  recorded  in centimetres and parts of a centimetres to halves.

5.  The  candidate’s  chest  will  be  measured  as
follows :—
He will be made to stand erect with his feet together and to raise his arms over his head. The tape will be so adjusted round the chest that its upper edge touches the
interior angles of the shoulders blades behind and lies in the same horizontal plane when the tape is taken round the chest. The arms will then be lowered to hang loosly by the side and care will be taken that the shoulders are not thrown
upwards  or  backwards  so  as  to  displace  the  tape.  The candidate will then be directed to take a deep inspiration several times and the maximum expansion of the chest will be carefully noted and the minimum and maximum will then
be recorded in centimetres, 83—89, 86—93.5 etc. In recording the measurements fraction of less than half a centimetre should not be noted.

N.B.—The height and chest of the candidate should be measured twice before coming to a final decision.

6.    The candidate will also be weighted and his weight recorded in kilograms—fraction of a Kilogram should not be noted.

7.   The  candidate’s  eye-sight  will  be  tested  in
accordance with the following rules. The result of each test
will be recorded :—

(i)General.—The candidate’s eyes will be subjected to a general examination directed to the detection of any disease or abnormality. The candidate will be rejected if  he  suffers  from  any  morbid  conditions  of  eye,eyelids or contiguous structure of such a sort as to render or are likely at future date to render him unfit for service.
(ii)Visual Acuity.—The examination for determining the acuteness  of  vision  includes  two  tests—one  for distant the other for near vision. Each eye will be
examined separately. There shall be no limit for maximum naked eye vision
but the naked eye vision of the candidates shall however, be recorded by the Medical Board or other medical authority in every case as it will furnish the basic information in regard to the conditions of the eye.

The  standards  for  distant  and  near  vision  with  or
without glasses shall be as follows :—


NOTE (1) : (a) In respect of the Technical Service mentioned at A above, the total amount of myopia (including the cylinder) shall not exceed—4,00 D. Total amount of
Hypermetropia  (including  the  cylinder)  shall  not exceed+400D : Provided that  in case a candidate in respect of the Services classified as “Technical” (other than the Services under the Ministry of Railways) is found unfit on grounds of  high  myopia  the  matter  shall  be  referred  to  a  special boards  of  three  Opthalmologists  to  declare  whether  this myopia is Pathological or not. In case it is not pathological the candidate shall be  declared fit  provided he fulfills the visual requirements otherwise.
(b) In every case of myopia funds examination should be carried out and the results recorded. In  the event of any pathological condition being present which is likely to be progressive and affect the efficiency of the  candidate, he
shall be declared unfit.
(c) Radial Keratotomy/Laser Correction etc. shall be considered as disqualification for appointment in Railway Technical  Services  (Civil,Mechanical,  Electrical  and Electronics).  Permitted  correction  for    conforming  to prescribed visual standards is spectacles only.
NOTE (2) : The  testing of colour vision shall be essential in respect of the Technical  Services mentioned at A above.
Colour perception should be graded into higher and
lower grade depending upon the  size of aperture in the
lantern as described in the  table below :—

m5For  the  Railway Engineering Services (Civil, Electrical, Signal and Mechanical) and  other service connected with the safety of the public, Higher grade of colour vision is essential but for others lower grade of colour vision should be considered sufficient.

The categories of Services/posts which require higher
or lower grade colour perception are as indicated below :—

Technical Services or posts requiring  higher grade
colour Perception :—
(i)  Railway Engineering Services.
(ii)  Indian Defence Service of Engineer (IDSE).
(iii)  Central Engineering Service (Roads).
(iv)  Central Power Engineering Service. (Gr. ‘A’ and
Gr. ‘B’)
(v)  Assistant Executive Engineer (Group ‘A’) in the
Corps of EME.
(vi)  BRES Group ‘A’ in Border Roads Organisation.

Technical Service or  posts requiring lower grade colour
perception :—
(i)   Central Engineering Service.
(ii)  Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering
(iii)  Indian Naval Armament Service.
(iv)  Indian Naval Stores Service.
(v)  Indian Ordnance Factory Service.
(vi)  Central Water Engineering Service.
(vii)  Engineer Group ‘A’ in Wireless Planning and
Coordination Wing/Monitoring Organisation.

Satisfactory  colour  vision  constitutes,  recognition with case and without hesitation of Red, Green and Yellow colours. The  use of Ishihara’s plates, shown in good light and  a  suitable  lantern  like    Edrige  Green’s  shall  be
considered quite dependable for resting colour vision.   Both the  Ishihara’s plates and Edrige Green’s lantern shall be used for  testing colour vision of candidates for appointment to the technical services.

NOTE (3): Field of vision—The field of vision shall be  tested  in  respect  of  all services  by  the  confrontation method. Where  such test gives unsatisfactory or doubtful results  the    field  of  vision  should  be  determined  on  the perimeter.

NOTE (4) : For Night Blindness—Night  blindness need  not be tested  as a routine but only in special cases. No  standard test for the  testing of night blindness or dark adaption  is  prescribed.  The    Medical      Board  should  be given  the    discretion  to  improvise  such  rough  test  e.g. recording  of visual acuity with reduced illumination or  by making  the    candidate  recognise  various  objects  in  a darkened room after he has been therefor  20 to 30 minutes.

Candidates  own  statements  should  not  always  be  relied
upon but they should be given due consideration.

NOTE (5): For Central Engineering Services/CES (Roads)—Candidates may be required to pass the  colour vision  test  and  undergo  test  for  night  blindness  when considered necessary by the Medical Board for Survey of
Indian Group ‘A’ service  the candidate may be required to pass a  ‘steroscopic fusion’ test.

NOTE  (6):  Ocular  conditions,  other  than  visual
acuity :—
(a)  Any organic disease or a progressive refractive error, which is likely to result in lowering the visual  acuity,  should  be  considered  as  a disqualification.
(b)    Squint  :  For  technical  services  presence  of binocular vision is essential. The  presence of Squint, even if the  vision acuity in each eye is of  the    prescribed  standard  should  be considered a  disqualification in the absence of
binocularity.  For    non-technical  service  the presence of Squint should not be considered as a disqualification if the  visual acuity is of the prescribed standards.

(c)  If a  person has one eye or if  he has one eye which has normal vision and the  other eye is ambylyopic or has subnormal vision, the usual effect  is  that  the  person  lacks  stereoscopic vision for perception of depth. Such vision is not  necessary  for  many  non-technical  posts. The  medical board may recommend as fit for non-technical service.  Such persons provided
the normal eye has—
(i)  6/6 distant vision and J/I near vision with or without glasses, provided the error in any meridian  is  not  more  than  4  dioptres  for distant vision.
(ii)  has full field of vision.
(iii)  normal colour vision  wherever required :
Provided  the  board  is  satisfied    that  the  candidate can  perform  all  the    functions  for  the    particular  job  in question.
The  above relaxed standard of visual acuity will not
apply  to  candidates  for    Posts/Services  classified  as
NOTE (7) :— Contact lenses—During the medical examination of a candidate, the  use of contact lenses is not to be allowed.
NOTE (8) :— It is necessary that when considering eye test the illumination of the  type  letters for  distant vision should have  an illumination of 15 foot  candles.
NOTE (9) :—It shall be  open to Government to relax anyone of the  condition in  favour of any candidate for special reasons.

8. Blood Pressure

The  Board will use its  discretion regarding Blood Pressure. A rough  method of calculating  normal, maximum, systolic pressure is as follows :—
(i) With  young  subjects  15—25  years  of  age  the average is about 100 plus age.
(ii) With subject over  25 years of age  general rule of 110 plus half the  age seems quite satisfactory.
N.B.—1. As a general rule any systolic prescription 140 mm and diastolic over 90 mm should be regarded as suspicious  and  the    candidate  should  be  hospitalised  by the Board before  giving their final opinion regarding the candidate’s  fitness or otherwise. The  hospitalisation report should indicate whether the rise in blood pressure is of a transient nature due  to excitement etc. or whether it is due to any organic disease. In all such cases X-ray and electro cardiographic  examinations  of  heart  and  blood  urea clearance  test  should  also  be  done  as  routine.  The  final decision as to the fitness or otherwise of a candidate will, however, rest with the Medical Board only.

 2. Method of taking Blood Pressure (II)

The mercury manometer type of instrument should be used as a rule. The measurement should not be taken within fifteen minutes of any exercise of excitement. Provided the patient and particularly his arm is relaxed, he may be
either lying or sitting. The arm is supported comfortably at the patient’s side in a more or less horizontal position. The arm should be free from clothes to the shoulder. The cuff completely deflated, should be applied with the middle of the rubber over the inner side of the arm and its lower edge an inch or two above the bend of the elbow.  The following turns of cloth bandage should spread evenly over the bag to avoid bulging during inflation. The brachial artery is located by palpitation at the bend of the elbow and the stethoscope is then applied lightly
and centrally over it below, but not in contact with the cuff. The cuff is inflated to above 200 mm. Hg. and then slowly deflated. The level at which the column stand when soft successive  sounds  are  heard  represents  the  Systolic Pressure. When more air is allowed to escape the sounds will be heard to increase in intensity.  The level at which the column well heard clear sounds change to soft muffled fading
sounds represents the diastolic pressure. The measurements should be taken in a fairly brief period of time as prolonged pressure of the cuff is irritating to the patient and will vitiate the readings. Re-checking if necessary, should be done only a  few  minutes  after  complete  deflation  or  the  cuff. (Sometimes as the cuff is deflated sounds are heard at a certain  level  they  may  disappear  as  pressure,    falls  and reappear at a still lower level. This “Silent Gap” may cause error in reading.)

9. The urine (passed in the presence of the examiner) should  be  examined  and  the  results  recorded.  When  a Medical Board finds sugar present in a candidate’s urine by the usual chemical tests the Board will proceed with the
examination with all its other aspects and will also specially note any signs or symptoms suggestive of diabetes. If except for the Glycosuria the Board finds the candidates conforms to the standards of medical fitness required  they may pass
the  candidate  fit  subject  to  the  Glycosuria  ‘being  non-diabetic’ and the Board will refer the case to a specified specialist  in  Medicine  who  has  hospital  and  laboratory facilities at his disposal. The Medical specialist will carry out  whatever  examinations,  clinical  and  laboratory  he considers  necessary  including  a  standard  blood  sugar tolerance test and will submit his opinion to the Medical Board  upon  which  the  Medical  Board  will  use  its  final opinion fit or unfit. The candidates will not be required to appear in person before the Board on the second occasion. To exclude the  effects of medication it may be necessary to retain candidate for  several days in hospital under strict supervision.

10. A women candidate who has a  result of test is found to be pregnant of  12 weeks standing or over should be declared temporary unfit until the confinement is over.She  should be re-examined for a fitness certificate six weeks after  the date of  confinement subject to the  production of a medical certificate of fitness from a registered medical practitioner.

11.  The  following  additional  points  should  be
(a)  that the candidate’s hearing in each ear is good and that there is no sign of disease of the ear. In case  it is defective the candidate should be got
examined by the  ear specialist  provided  that  if the defect in hearing is remediable by operation or by  use of  a  hearing  aid a  candidate  cannot
be declared  unfit on the  account provided he/she  has no  progressive disease in the ear. This provision  is  not    applicable  in  the  case  of Railway Services, other than Indian Railway Stores Services, the  Military Engineer Services, Central Engineering Service Group A, Central Engineering  Service (Roads), Central Electrical Engineering  Service  Group  ‘A’  and    Border Roads  Engineering  Service  Group  ‘A’.  The following  are  the  guidelines  for  the  medical examining authority in this regard :—

ear 1ear2era312.  Radiographic  examination  of  the  chest  for detecting any abnormality of the heart and lungs, which may not be apparent by ordinary physical examination will
be restricted to only such candidates who are declared finally successful at the concerned Engineering Services Examination. The decision or the Chairman of the Central Standing Medical Board (conducting the medical examination of the concerned  candidate)  about  the  fitness  of  the  candidate shall be final.

13. In case of doubt regarding health of a candidate the Chairman of the Medical Board may consult a suitable Hospital Specialist to decide the issue of fitness or unfitness of the candidate for Government Service e.g. if a candidate is  suspected  to  be  suffering  from  any  mental  defect  or aberration; the Chairman of the Board may consult a Hospital Psychiatrist/Psychologist  etc. When  any  defect  is  found  it  must  be  noted  in  the Certificate and the medical examiner should state his opinion whether or not, it is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the duties which will be required of the candidate.

14. The Candidates who desire to file an appeal against the decision of the Medical Board are required to deposit an  appeal  fee  of  Rs.  100  in  such  a  manner  as  may  be prescribed by the Government of  India, Ministry of  Railways (Railway Board) in this behalf. This fee will be refundable only  to  those  candidates  who  are  declared  fit  by  the Appellate Medical Board whereas in the case of others it will be forfeited. Along with, appeal the candidates must, submit a medical certificate by a registered doctor specifically mentioning that he is aware of the  candidate having been declared  unfit  by  a  Medical  Board.  The  medical  fitness
certificate submitted by a candidate is only a prerequisite for appealing against the findings of the First Medical Board. Candidates must have a copy of this certificate when, they present themselves before the Medical Board. The appeals should  be  submitted  within  21  days  of  the  days  of communication in which the decision of the first Medical Board is conveyed to the candidate; otherwise request for medical examination by an appellate Medical Board will not be entertained. The medical examination by the Appellate Medical Board will be arranged only a candidate’s own cost. No travelling allowance or daily allowance will be admissible
for the journeys performed in connection with the medical examination of the Appellate Medical Board. Necessary action  to  arrange  medical  examination  by  the Appellate Medical Board will be taken by the Ministry of  Railways (Railway Board) on receipt of appeals accompanied by the prescribed fee within the stipulated time.

15. The decision of the Appellate Medical Board will be final and no appeal shall be against the same.

Thank you for your patience.I hope that after reading this no doubt will be left regarding medical requirements. In the end I am attaching medical board per-forma on which they evaluate your medical tests.

Medical Board Report Form

Aim of writing this blog

Hello everyone,

I got All India Rank 26 in IES 2013 and will be joining railways in December 2014.

I have decided to write this blog about my experiences in Indian Engineering Services.Since there are lot of blog about how to prepare for this exam,this blog would be a more personalized account of my experiences till now and journey ahead. I will keep you updated on my journey though Indian Engineering Services. I will try to add as many IES officers as possible with this blog.