Proper Channel for PSU to UPSC

About Author 


Author has worked with NHPC Ltd.(Central PSU) for more than 3 years and while working cleared UPSC ESE three times consecutively in 2012, 2013 and 2014. Author has received awards from the Chief Minister of UP twice for securing Merit Positions in High-School and Intermediate Examinations of UP Board and also honored by Department of Science/ UP for securing highest marks in Science in High-School Examination. Author also bagged the Silver Medal of the University in B. Tech. Author has a deep interest in Hindi Literature and also received the title of “Manas Mandal Sudharak” from Manas Samiti Kanpur.


I have found many candidates preparing for exams conducted by UPSC while working with PSU or Some other government organization. Some of the candidates are always concerned for the transfer of service agreement bond, technical resignation, proper channel and resignation procedure etc.

I have appeared in UPSC ESE consecutively three times starting from 2011 to 2014 along with working in NHPC Ltd. (Miniratna Company). I got selected with AIR-144, 073, 157 in ESE-2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively. Since I was working with a PSU, I always applied for the exam duly intimating my parent organization at each stage of the selection procedure. I have also found that many candidates do not intimate to their parent department while applying for any Competitive exams due to many reasons.

Let us understand the consequences if you will not intimate your parent organization:

  • Since UPSC does not ask for any experience certificate and No Objection Certificate for appearing in ESE, you can hide the fact without indicating in DAF (Detailed Application Form) and without intimating your current department, but it may cause trouble in future because these details will always be in record. Suppose you want to apply for any other post through Deputation, you cannot show your experience of previous job because you have not mentioned it in DAF while applying.
  • If while applying for UPSC ESE, you have not intimated to your current organization. You cannot give resignation indicating that you are going to join Some Central Govt. department allocated through UPSC ESE, but you have to give resignation on personal ground.
  • If you are under any Service Bond Obligation and your bond period is not completed in the current organization, you have to pay the currency of the bond and resignation must be on personal ground.
  • If your current organization is PSU, it must be having EPF (Employee Provident Fund) Scheme, and for State Government/Central Government the Scheme is NPS (New Pension Scheme). If you are coming from PSU, you have to withdraw the amount and If you are coming from State Government/Central Government department you can transfer your NPS account, without withdrawing your money, But for the transfer of account your resignation must be through proper channel.
  • If you are appointed through the ESE, you will get pay-protection and balance leave transferred, only if your earlier employer was a State Government/Central Government organization and resignation is through proper channel. In case of PSU, no provision of pay-protection is there.
  • In the rarest of the rare case, you may be in trouble if your current organization informs to UPSC that you have not applied through proper channel without intimating them. It may result into cancellation of candidature and a case may also be registered under Section-420 of IPC.

Proper Channel

Many candidates are not aware of the facts that every communication to the Human Resource division of the organization should be through proper channel. Proper Channel simply means that you have intimated through your controlling/reporting officer to the head of the division to the HR section of the organization, indicating “through proper channel” at the top of the letter. (E.g.- Chief Engineer ⇒Divisional GM ⇒ Divisional ED ⇒ GM (HR))

Technical Resignation

Technical Resignation simply means that you have applied through proper channel intimating at all the phases of the selection procedure.

Service Agreement Bond Transfer

Now-a-days, every organization like PSUs, BARC, DRDO etc., is following a trend of Service Agreement Bond. The bond mentions that you have to serve under that organization or Defence Services or Government of India for a particular period of time. If you have applied through proper channel, your bond gets transferred to the new organization clearly indication that you must complete the remaining period of the bond with the new organization. If you have applied through proper channel, it is the responsibility of your previous organization to communicate with the Concerned Ministry about your bond obligations and you need to sign the new bond with the new Organization for the remaining period of bond and it will be sent back to your earlier employer.

Intimation Stages

Many times it happens that candidates intimate only at the time of application only, but you must intimate the present employer at each phase like while application, while filling DAF and Interview and Finally resignation. While taking leave for appearing in exam, you should clearly mention that you are talking leave for appearing in Examination.

The aim of this article is to familiarize the peoples about the common mistakes that may create problem in your bright future and also aware the candidates about the procedure to be followed while applying for UPSC ESE or any other Examination.

For any query, please comment.



Hello Everyone

It is my constant endeavor to develop this blog as platform for all IES aspirants. I want to include as many diverse experiences of people as i can. In this article Nishek Jain shares his journey if becoming IES through mechanical engineering. I hope this article helps you in your preparation and overall guidance. He can be reached at



My Choice:

In Engineering we do a lot of multiple choice questions (MCQs) and answers to many of them are found by eliminating the not so suitable options. It was a similar situation. I graduated in 2011 and got opportunity to work in core mechanical engineering company for 3 years. The job was ok but after almost 2 years the work started becoming redundant and I was not happy. So I started looking for other options. I could think of 4 options:

  1. Job Change
  2. MBA
  3. Civil Services
  4. Engineering Services

Job Change was eliminated because I did not really know how to do it. I applied at few job portals and at websites of some good companies but did not get any good interview calls. Also I could not find many good companies where my specific experience of 3 years could be used and I might not be treated as a fresher.

MBA was again eliminated because I gave CAT two times with my job but could not get 99+ percentile because of less preparation and somehow I did not want to spend more time for CAT preparation.

Civil Services, though seemed very lucrative career choice, was again eliminated because I knew that I was not at all good at writing big essays and theoretical questions.

Finally Engineering Services, 1st question was: “Can I clear this exam?” I did a lot of research. Found some friends who have already cleared this exam, discussed with them. Had a look at the previous year papers and was finally confident that if I prepare well I can clear this exam.

2nd question was: “Will it really provide a good career and a solution to my present problem?” Again after a lot of research, the answer was yes. Engineering Services (especially Railways) provides a very dynamic and challenging career. There is a huge impact of your work on society and nation building and it is one of the most coveted and respectable job for engineering graduates. So, Engineering Services it was.


My Preparation:

I left my job and took coaching at Made Easy. I wanted to give just one best try so I thought of not leaving any help or support which I could get and so I thought of taking coaching and it was very helpful.

As it had been a long time since college, so coaching helped in recalling all the concepts in a faster way. Also, periodic tests were helpful in judging the present level of preparation. Good competition in the coaching centre motivated me to study harder. So, coaching was very helpful in my case, but I would not say that it is essential.

If one is a final year student or a recent pass out (or anybody) who remembers the basic concepts and can revise them on his own, then self study can be sufficient.


Strategy for anybody:

For Technical Part:-

  1. Revise all the technical subjects studied in college (if you did) or join a coaching centre to help you do that.
  2. If you are joining a coaching centre then revise your Class Notes on the same day. Practice the questions suggested by teacher and make short notes.
  3. No need to purchase books if you don’t have any. You don’t have that much time to go through all the books. Notes of good coaching centers are sufficient which are available at photocopy shops outside coaching centers.
  4. Practice previous 10-15 years IES questions both objective and subjective yourself. Many questions get repeated exactly or at least the type of questions remains more or less same.
  5. Join a good All India Test Series and give all the tests seriously.


For English and General Studies (GS):-

English and GS are going to play very important role (atleast till ESE 2016), so this area needs special attention and this is the section which helped me a lot. I got 140 in this paper.. 🙂

For English:-


  1. “VoLT Vocabulary” App: It is a recently launched android app which is very good for fast and fun vocabulary learning. It is based on the book “VoLT- Vocabulary Learning Techniques” by Abhishek Jain which I used for Vocab preparation. But now there is app and it is free so you can go for that.
  2. Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis: Very good book for vocabulary improvement but a bit lengthy and time taking.

Grammar, Sentence Correction etc:

English Theory Book of Made Easy and Previous year questions of this section really help. Same mistakes are repeated many times.

For General Studies (GS):

GS section consists of 2 parts: Static and Dynamic. Static one i.e. Geography, Polity, Biology & History and Dynamic one i.e. Current Affairs. For the Static part notes of any good coaching institute may help but for Dynamic part I recommend notes of A.P. Singh Sir from Made Easy.

In short:

 Focus on technical concepts and practice more and more questions. Revise the class notes (or short notes) again and again. Previous 10-15 years questions and a good Test Series is must. For ESE-2016, General Studies and English are also equally important, so do focus on them if you are a serious aspirant and want to clear ESE 2016. From 2017 onwards, what happens to this part of the exam is yet to be seen.


My Interview:

My UPSC Interview went well (according to me) but my marks were not that good. I got 120 out of 200. I practiced for the interview with 3-4 mock interviews but the feel of the real UPSC interview was totally different from any of the mock interview. ESE interview this time was mostly technical, no current affairs etc. Technical questions included many questions related to job experience, some basic concept based questions and few advanced application based questions. I could answer almost 50-60% of the total technical questions but my confidence level was good.


Tips for Interview:

As mentioned above, ESE 2015 interview was mostly technical. Also, as per at the new pattern of ESE which is to be implemented from 2017, major portion of the General Studies like History, Geography, Polity etc. is removed from syllabus. So it is my prediction that ESE interviews in future are going to be more and more technical. So I would like to share following tips:

  • Revise all the technical concepts thoroughly before the interview.
  • If you have worked for a significant amount of time, prepare about your job profile, your significant contribution, recent developments in your area of work etc.

Note: Your English speaking skills play very less role in ESE interview. You just need to know the right answer and should be able to convey it to them.


General (But very helpful) Tips:

In such long preparation duration, feeling low sometimes is a part of the game and it happens with everybody. So whenever such phase comes, you should not get too much tensed or depressed, you should just take some time off the studies and try to do something to cheer yourself up. Watching a movie, hanging out with friends for some time, eating some good food outside may help.

For achieving a big target, a dose of motivation is also very much required time to time. Motivational posters, videos, computer wallpapers etc. are really helpful. My favorite motivational quote is this one by Swami Vivekananda, “Arise, Awake and Stop not till the goal is reached”.



Step by Step guide to IES interview


Now that the result of written exam has been declared, most of you must be wondering about steps required to be taken till completion of interview stage. In this article, I will try to address your concerns as much as I can. So , this will be a step by step guide for personality test a.k.a interview.

  1. DAF- Detailed Application form

Show utmost care while filling this DAF online, there is no need to submit it in one day itself. Consult your peers while filing this form. Many coaching institute provide guidance for filling DAF ,so if possible you can also consult them.

In DAF, there are few grey areas such prizes, achievements, sports and hobby, etc. This section falls in the most important part of DAF because the first question will be from these things only. And what a tragedy could be ,if you start without answering first question and that too related to your hobby and achievements.  So, I will not suggest you what to fill there but I would like to say that fill only those contents which you will be able to defend there. It is not expected of you to have PhD in your hobby but still your knowledge should be enough make you look sincere in their eyes. Let me tell you that they are very good at catching lies, especially if you are not a confident speaker. Once they get that impression that you are speaking lie then your whole effort at further improvements will not make much impact on them. So, what you speak should be worth what you have written in your DAF. Therefore, fill DAF with utmost caution. Remember this rule, “the more you write, the more you increase their expectations from you”.

  1. Preparing HR and Current Affairs

Once you submit your DAF, then you become a prisoner of it. You should look at it daily; write down 5 random questions that come to your mind while looking at DAF. Let others have a look at DAF and allow them to ask questions. Diversity of opinion is required to get the best possible outcome. The most important questions are why you want to join IES, why you want to leave your current job?, how will you serve people in IES?, why do you want to join railways? Etc. IF you have read my previous articles, then you can frame your answers based on concepts elucidated there.

Current awareness is must for those who want to score high. It is not necessary that current topics will be asked but there are high chances of it being asked which may land you in trouble if you don’t prepare it. Answering current topics will not show that you are a brilliant candidate but it will save you from humiliation in front of board. Unlike IAS interview, the depth and analysis of current topics will be to the surface only, but more the knowledge the better it is. Some board chairman also asks puzzles, so better if you prepare for it.

  1. Preparing Technical Aspects

Apart from board chairman, there will be 4-5 technical experts of your subjects sitting there. These experts are either current or retired technocrats in Government of India. You will be relatively, if chairman is not from your technical background, as in that case he will ask only HR questions. After that you will be passed on to technical members for further grueling. Their main job is to check your technical knowledge of the stream in which you have qualified ESE. Apart from the core conventional knowledge which you studied for written exam, also prepare engineering applications of your subjects in practical life. Also be ready to go to some standard question available in the interview market, which if you don’t answer will reflect poorly on you. How to get these questions? These can be gathered from interview experiences of others and coaching material. In this segment never forget your core subjects and their concepts because they expect you to atleast that much. But the problem is , those who have fear of authority will most likely forget everything in front of interview board. They will have black-out. For solving this issue, training of mind is needed, do some yoga and meditation to overcome fear of authority.

In technical aspects, remember this rule “Either you know, or you don’t”. Don’t give your opinion in technical matters. It is not IAS interview where your opinion will matter. Either you say confidently or you don’t. But there is a way of telling them that you don’t know. Say that “I am not able to recall it now”. Learn these types of standard responses to get yourselves out of difficult situations.

  1. Mock Interviews

Give atleast 2 mock interview to asses your preparation. For mock session you can join coaching nearest to where you live. Or you can give it in Delhi also by taking leave from your current job but it not to be neglected.

Let me tell you honestly that mock conducted by coaching institutes will not give you feel of UPSC. You will find remarkable difference in those two. However, it necessary for your own analysis. You will come to know of the mistakes which you avoid later on. Like in my case, I used to keep my hands on table, I came to know it when pointed out at mock sessions. So, there are lots of personalities issues that you may be grappling with in your lives, don’t let it reflect there.  Basically, you will have confidence while facing real board, but if you don’t then be prepared for worst. Either you already have a great personality or you are confident that you score too high to bother about mock, then only take a risk otherwise mock sessions are must for everyone.

  1. Interview Day

It will be wither November of December when you will be at UPSC, so proper suit attire is expected of you. But not everybody has a suit to wear, in such a case I would say that go without suit but don’t wear sweaters. Attire is also a part of your personality for which you are being judged. Sit quietly in the common room. The more you discuss, the more anxious you will be. Keep a smile on your face while entering the room. For first 10min you will asked to wait outside the room which is going to be like a torture. But think something about else at this point, or you will become too nervous while taking your seat. Look around yourselves, be alert and attentive. Once you take your seat, half of your worry will be over. Learn the manners of sitting, walking, standing and speaking. These entire things can make a lot of difference apart from giving answers to them.

I hope I have given you quite clear picture of IES interview process. Wish you all the luck

Bonus Point- Your marks will only be decided by chairman of the board who is a UPSC member. Technical experts don’t have power to give marks but they can advise the chairman about performance of the candidates.




How an Average ESE Interview goes – Learn from my mistakes

Deepak Jhalani

Hi All,interview-in-progress-sign

This is me, Deepak Jhalani. I scored AIR 16 in ESE 2014 with Mechanical Engineering. This is an average interview and this transcript I wrote for myself (just after the interview) to refer for future improvements in personality. So this is going to be very critical and many a times over-analysing every tiny details.

Please don’t get bogged down by the details.

Just Follow the basics – Revise your complete notes especially of practical subjects, fill DAF responsibly, remain calm, prepare extensively, Don’t take interview lightly and above all enjoy the process (and I mean it). This is the only phase where you will be rewarded for being yourself, so polish yourself accordingly.

Once again – Preparation is the key. Prepare, prepare and prepare. More you prepare more you score. I see this test NOT as ‘such evaluation of your personality as such’ BUT RATHER a test for…

View original post 1,855 more words

Interview Experience of Abhishek Saraf (AIR-6)

Hello Everyone,
In this article I am going to share with you the interview experience of Abhishek Saraf who Joined IRSE 2013 batch. He got all India Rank 6 in ESE 2013 and  obtained 150 marks in interview.


 My interview experience

Chairman of interview Panel: Shri Vinay Mittal

Session: F.N.; No. 6

I am sure by now most of you are aware that DAF is the cornerstone of your interview and rather than having an impressive profile, being able to defend what you have shown matters more!!

Let me begin with my profile first:

B.Tech. : IIT Kanpur (2013); Graduating CPI : 9/10

Projects completed on the topics: Flyash, copper slag, confined masonry (B. Tech. Project ), and one conference publication at 15WCEE), seismic behavior of bridge piers (Research internship @ UBC, Vancouver.

Working then as a research associate at IITK.

Hobby: Watching documentaries about structures, sketching

It doesn’t take a genius to figure out that I shall be heavily questioned on structures. The only way out is to be able to defend it…

My strategy while preparing was to constantly think of the questions that I might face… That means not only while I was studying but while doing mundane daily stuff like eating etc. and in parallel thinking of answers for them. Maintain a copy, doc file or sth for final revision…

As expected my interview was highly ‘structures’ oriented… jumping right to the questions..

Vinay Mittal Sir: Are you working

Me: Yes a research associate at IIT Kanpur

Vinay Mittal Sir: What are you working on?

Me: Sir, I am working on the residual mechanical properties of TMT steel bars after exposure to elevated temperatures.

Vinay Mittal Sir: What is the practical implication of this?

Me: Sir, the findings will be helpful for planning the repair and rehabilitation strategies of fire damaged RC structures as well as to assess the strength reduction of TMT steel bars after exposure to high temperatures during welding.

Vinay Mittal Sir: How can we design earthquake resistant structures?

Me: Sir, IS 1893 states that for earthquake resistance a structure should have adequate strength, stiffness, ductility and regular configuration.

Vinay Mittal Sir: Adequate stiffness and ductility… Isn’t that contradictory?

Me: No sir, A structure should have adequate stiffness under working loads but ductility at failure.

Vinay Mittal sir: What is infrastructure? Give examples.

Me: Primary it consists of power, transport and communication systems of an economy.

Viany Mittal sir: About the recent food security bill…. if you were to decide, what would you invest in, infrastructure or food security?

Me: Food security.

Vinay Mittal Sir: Why?

Me: Sir, to me infrastructure as much important as food security… it about investment in the future, you can’t have investment in the future at the cost starving people in the present

Vinay Mittal Sir: Don’t you think it will give an incentive to people to sit idle and avail free food?

Me: No sir, that is not the intent. This will provide the bare minimum food for survival which will help them stand on their own two feet…Help them take care of other expenses better.

Vinay Mittal Sir: Still there will be inefficiency in the part of the people, don’t you think that this bill should be scrapped?

Me: No sir, from my understanding I think it is a positive step forward. That’s all I can say

Vinay Mittal Sir: What are the factors to take care of while building a bridge in black soil?

Me: Sir, black soil expands on absorbing moisture and undergoes shrinking on losing it. This can cause differential settlements of the piers can rupture the deck.

Vinay Mittal Sir: What you are laying a track on such soil.

Me: Consideration of expansion and shrinkage still applies

Vinay Mittal Sir: What else?

Me: I am sorry sir, I can’t think of anything else, I will think more about it.

Member 1: What material is Burj Khalifa made of?

Me: Sir, it a reinforced concrete structure

Member 1: Is there anything special about its concrete?

Me: Sir apart from design considerations and strength, they had to use ice chips in place of some water to keep the concrete from heating too much during mix and casting and subsequent hydration.

Member 1: Can you name some other RC structures?

Me; Sir, Petronas Towers of Malaysia is another RC structure.

Member 1: Are you sure?

Me: Yes sir, I have seen the documentary.

Member 2: What was your B.Tech. Project?

Me: Prediction of in-plane strength and stiffness reduction of plate RC frames using those of monolithic frames.

Member 2: What did you do?

Me: Complete technical jargon about simulations and comparison with experimental data…

Member 2: Were you able to predict strength and stiffness?

Me: Sir, I was able to predict the strength reduction very accurately but not the stiffness.

Member 2: Why?

Me: Limitations of the model implemented… elaborated on that…

Member 2: Can we use flyash in bricks?

Me: Yes sir.

Member 2: Does that not hamper their strength?

Me: No sir, published results show that the strength as well as durability of bricks can be increased on the use of flyash.

Member 3: You are from Bhopal. Name an earth fill dam near Bhopal

Me: (knew of only one dam, wasn’t sure if it was an earth fill dam) Sir, Kaliasot dam

Member 3: It is a masonry dam. Name an earthfil dam

Me: I am sorry sir. I am not aware of it. I will make sure I look into it.

Member 3: Out of rocks or brick which is stronger?

Me: Rocks sir

Member 3: What are the estimate values of their compressive strength?

Me: Sir, for bricks it is 7-10 MPa at the most, for rocks it can be as high as 200 MPa.

Vinay Mittal sir: You have a research profile why don’t you join academics?

Me: ………*

Vinay Mittal Sir: One thing has always confused me… See if you can answer this… Old structures have survived for centuries but our structures survive barely for 30 -50 years why is that? Are we inefficient?

Me: ………

*Left for you figure out; P.S.: these two questions made my interview…..

While we are at it…let me give you a couple of tips or funde if you will:

THERE are 3 types of questions in this interview:

  1. One, you should damn well know otherwise you are doomed
  2. You should know, not so good if you don’t know it.
  3. You are golden if you are able to answer them…They are the bonus type…

And you proceed/ relegate from one type to another…. Try not to get stuck in the first type……but if it happens my way out was:

“I am sorry sir, I am not aware/ able to recall this, and I realize that I should know this ….I will make sure I look into / revise it as soon as I get a chance”

The second type warrants a slightly mild approach:

“I am sorry sir, I do not know, I will make sure I look into it”

For the third: “I am sorry sir, I do not know that but it sounds very interesting, I will make sure I think out it…” …….

NEVER utter a word that might lead to a topic you are not comfortable with.… let them take you to it if they are so inclined…

TO me it seems that what they are looking for is someone who is humble and knowledgeable, yet inquisitive……do not show complacency…. stand by your point but not with rudeness… maintain a constant temper while answering do not jump to easy questions…and while answering them do not show the attitude that this is very easy…handle each question with similar attitude…..try to show composure…. The fact that you answer the questions well will promote you to the higher level…

The staff as well as the panel will be very cordial. Try to interact with other candidates….. that will help you keep yourself calm while waiting outside the members chamber. Do not be anxious while in the waiting room…. But at the same time do not get sleepy…… Try to enjoy the day….such days come rarely in your life!!!









How to Fill the Detailed Application Form(DAF) for IES interview

Congratulations!! to all those who have been selected in ESE written exam. You have successfully cleared  the first stage of examination, now you will be appearing for personality test. As most of you might have prepared for ESE written exam,in the similar way you can’t take this lightly and go for interview without preparation.
So the very first thing that all of you have to do is to fill detailed application form online on UPSC website. In this article, i am going to give you some suggestions about filling this form. When you appear for the interview, this is the form that board will have in front of them, most of the questions will originate from DAF.

As you now know that DAF needs to be filled with great care and sincerity, i am going to give you brief idea about how to frame general questions from DAF. I am restricting myself only to DAF for now.

Caution:- Please don’t fill false information in the form. You can leave it blank if you don’t have anything to fill but refrain from giving false information. This may have legal consequences other than disqualification.

1. Name:- You should know the meaning of your name and any resemblances with famous personality or place or thing. Basically you should know everything related with your name

2. Address:- Look out for any odd word in your address.

3. Domicile:- Must know the meaning of domicile. You will have to prepare a lot of information about your place of birth. Remember all the persons on the constitutional posts in your state. Also try to find out if there is any special thing about the place where you live. For example, Kashi me ulti ganga behti hai..meaning of this saying?

4. Date of Birth:- Look out for the resemblance of your dob to any famous date. Then prepare for the historical significance of the day. If it is one of our national holidays then get ready for it.

5. Community:- SC/ST/OBC , must know the meaning of these terms.

6. Employment status:- You must be thorough with your current and past employment working. You should be able to properly explain your job that you do/have done. Technical members  of board are more interested in your job experience. Generally, working people are not asked academic questions, they will have to face job related questions. One guy got 170 marks last year in interview, he was asked questions related only to cement  because he worked in cement related firm.

7. Name of father/mother:- Not much important but look for any resemblance to any famous personalities.

8. Father/Mother’s profession and salary:- You must be aware of the job which your father and mother do and salary they earn. Don’t write income disproportionate to profession.

9. Service preferences:- This is for you to decide but you must remember all your preferences in serial order. Fill this very carefully, find out all the information related to these services and also discuss with working people. This is going to change your life forever so take it seriously. Fill it in the last just before submitting when you have made your mind.

10. Prizes/medal/scholarship etc.:- Please provide only true information. Don’t mention trivial prizes such as getting certificate for playing kho-kho. Also prepare your achievement well, that why you got the prize. You must be able to show that you deserved it . It is not mandatory to fill this if you haven’t got any prizes.

11. Team/Games/sports:- All of us have played games in our childhood. Don’t mention that. You should have atleast reached upto district/zonal level. Then only it is worth mentioning.

12. Position of distinction/leadership:- Please don’t mention that you were class monitor at some point of time. This may annoy them and would diminish your performances. Mention only those positions where you have actually played some leadership roles.

13. Hobbies and interest:- This is also one of the most important area of DAF because the questions generally starts from this, most of the time. Hobbies can be as varied as star-gazing to coins collecting. Most of you are going to write hobbies that are very common but if your hobby is very different than others, then it may prompt board members to ask questions. At this point, if you satisfy board with your answers then all is well but if you falter then it may go wrong. Write hobbies which you can justify in front of them. For eg if your hobby is horse riding then it would be obvious that you know different breed of horses.

14. Declaration to signed:- I have already explained it in a separate post.


Don’t make haste in submitting DAF, submit it before 2-3 days. Also don’t delay it upto end because a lot of thing can go wrong on the last day of submitting. After you have submitted it , make a habit to look DAF daily for half an hour and frame questions that come to your mind. Try to make questions as random as possible because this what happens during interview. There shouldn’t be any word in the DAF anywhere about which you are in dark. Generally, board chairman will have your complete DAF but other members will have only summary sheet before them. So, summary sheet should also be looked into. It contains brief summary of all important information in one page.

This was all about the DAF, I will try to come up with more articles for interview preparation. Till then ,goodbye.