Salary and Pay Comparison


Whenever you apply for any job, the very first and important question that comes in mind is “What will be the package /salary and allowances etc.?”

I have found many candidates always concerned with the salary and allowances they will get in different type of jobs like PSU, State Government, Central Government, R & D organizations, etc. So, I thought to share the pay structure of the PSU, State Government and Central Government jobs in India. I am not going to compare the nature of job, I am only going to tell you the pay structure and the initial salary you get in PSU, State Government and Central Government. I have considered the Pay Band-3 in CDA scale and Executive Grade IDA Scale in PSUs.

Central PSU (IDA Scale) State PSU (CDA Scale) Central Government (CDA Scale) State Government (CDA Scale) R & D Organization (BARC/DRDO etc.) (CDA Scale)
Basic Pay (INR) 16400 or 20600 or 24900 15600+5400 15600+5400 15600+5400 15600+5400
DA rate on 31st Dec. 2015 107.9 % 119 % 119 % 119 % 119 %
Cafeteria Allowance rate 46 to 51 % NIL NIL NIL NIL
HRA rate (depend on place of posting) 10 or 20 or 30 % 10 or 20 or 30 % 10 or 20 or 30 % 10 or 20 or 30 % 10 or 20 or 30 %
Lease Amount Approx. 16000-21000 May or May not be NIL NIL NIL
Conveyance/Transportation Allowance (depend on place of posting) Approx. 3000-5500 1600 or 3200 plus DA 1600 or 3200 plus DA 1600 or 3200 plus DA 1600 or 3200 plus DA
Telephone Reimbursement Approx. 500-1500 CUG System CUG System CUG System CUG System


General Formula for Salary Calculation

Gross = Basic * (100 + DA rate + Cafeteria rate + HRA rate)/100 + Conveyance Allowance

Deductions

The Various deductions in the salary may be under following heads:

              IDA Scale : EPF, LIC Scheme, Social Security, Income Tax etc.

              CDA Scale : NPS, CGHS, Professional Tax, Income Tax etc.

 

EPF Vs. NPS

EPF refers to Employee  Provident Fund which has generally fix annual rate of interest and is a compulsory instrument of Tax saving for the government organizations whereas NPS refers to New Pension Scheme, started 2004 onwards appointments to the Central Government Employees and Sate Government Employees. The NPS is also a compulsory instrument of Tax saving for the Government Employees governed by this scheme. The rate of return is variable (may be positive, negative or zero) in NPS because it is based on the market value of the funds invested in Equity.

 

CDA Scale Vs IDA Scale ?

CDA means Central Government Dearness Allowance while IDA means Industrial Dearness Allowance. CDA is applicable to the Central government, state government and state PSUs while IDA is applicable mostly to all the Central PSUs. The DA revision is half yearly in CDA whereas it is quarterly in IDA pattern. CDA and IDA are calculated based on the All India Consumer Price Index number/ Market rates/ Other Price Indices etc.

For Example:

IDA rate (%) CDA rate (%)
From 01 January, 2015 100.3 113
From 01 April, 2015 100.5 113
From 01 July, 2015 102.6 119
From 01 October, 2015 107.9 119

 

Disclaimer– Above article compares the pay and allowances as they exist as of now. When 7th pay commission report will be implemented , it will be updated in that context.

 

Brief Particulars about Central Power Engineering Service


Powerlines

Through ESE, both group A and Group B post are filled in Central Power Engineering. Let’s first discuss about group A service

CENTRAL POWER  ENGINEERING  (GROUP A) SERVICE:-

(i) Description of the Organisation
The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization constituted under Section 3 of the repealed Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 and continued under Section 70 of the Electricity Act, 2003. It was established as a part- time body in the year 1951 and made a full-time body in the year 1975. As per Section 70 (3) of the Electricity Act, 2003, the Authority shall consist of not more than 14 members, including its Chairperson, of whom not more than eight shall be full-time Members to be appointed by the Central Government. CEA is headed by a Chairperson who, as the Chief  Executive  of  the Authority,  oversees  largely  the development of power sector in the country. There are six Wings  in  CEA  namely  Planning,  Hydro,  Thermal,  Grid Operation and Distribution, Economic & Commercial and Power System, each headed by a Member of the Authority. Under  each  Member  there  are  technical  divisions,  each headed  by  an  officer  of  the  rank  of  Chief  Engineer. At present, there are twenty-nine Divisions in CEA headquarter at New Delhi.  In addition, CEA has 14 subordinate offices, viz. five Regional Inspectorate Organizations, four Regional Power  Survey  Organizations  and  five  Regional  Power Committees located in various parts of the country. The CEA  is  responsible  for  overall  power  sector  planning, coordination,  according  concurrence  to  hydroelectric schemes, promote and assist in timely completion of projects, specifying of technical standards, safety requirements, Grid Standards as well as conditions for installation of meters applicable to the electricity sector of the whole country. CEA  advises  the  Central  Government  on  the  National Electricity Policy and formulates short-term and perspective plans  for  development  of  the  electricity  system.  It  also advises the Central and State Governments as well as the Electricity Regulatory Commissions on all technical matters relating  to  generation,  transmission  and  distribution  of electricity. It also has the mandate to collect, record and make public, data related to all segments of the electricity sector, carry out investigations and promote research. The functions and duties of the Authority are delineated under Section 73 of  the Electricity Act, 2003. Besides, CEA has to discharge various other functions as well under Sections 3,8, 34, 53, 55 and 177 of the Electricity Act, 2003.
(ii) Description of the grade to which the recruitment is made through the Engineering Services Examination held by Union Public Service Commission.
Fifty per cent of vacancies in the grade of Assistant Director(Engineering)  (Grade-I)/Assistant  Executive Engineer in the scale of Pay Band-3+ Grade Pay i.e. Rs15,600-39,100 + 5400 are filled by direct recruitment on the results of the Engineering Services Examination held by the Union Public Service Commission annually. Persons  appointed  to  the  posts  of  Assistant Director(Engineering)  (Grade-I)/Assistant  Executive Engineer of the Central Power Engineering (Group A) shall be on probation for a period of two years provided that the Government may, where necessary, extend the said period of two years for a further period not exceeding one year. If on the expiration of the period of probation referred, to above or any extension thereof, as the case may be, the Government are of the opinion that a candidate is not fit for permanent appointment or if at any time during such period of probation or extension, they are satisfied that he will not
be fit for permanent appointment on the expiration of such period of probation or extension, they may discharge or revert  him  to  his  substantive  post  or  pass  such  order  as they think fit. During the period of probation, the candidate may be required by the Government to undergo such courses of training and instruction and to pass such examination and tests  as  it  may  think  fit  as  a  condition  to  satisfactory completion of probation.

(iii)Liability  to  serve  in  Defence  Service:-Any  person  appointed,  on  the  result  of  this competitive examination shall if so required, be liable to serve  in  any  Defence  Service  or  post  connected  with Defence of India for a period of not less than four years including the period spent in training, if any, provided that such  person:—
(a)  shall not be required to serve as aforesaid after the expiry of ten years from the date of appointment;
(b)  shall not ordinarily be required to serve as aforesaid after attaining the age of forty years.

(iv)   Promotion to higher grades
The  officers  appointed  to  the  post  of Assistant Director(Engineering)  (Grade-I)/Assistant  Executive Engineer are eligible for promotion to higher grade viz. Deputy Director (Engineering)/ Executive Engineer/Deputy Director(Engineering)(Non-Functional  Grade)/Director/ Superintending  Engineer  and  Chief  Engineer  subject  to availability  of  vacancies  in  the  grade  concerned,  after fulfilling  the  conditions  laid  down  in  the  Central  Power Engineering (Group A) Service Rules, 2005 as amended from time to time.
(v)Scale of pay
The scale of pay for posts of Central Power Engineering (Group A) Services in the Central Electricity Authority are as follows:—
Electrical,  Mechanical  and  Electronics  and Telecommunication  Engineering  post  in  the  Central Electricity Authority :—

poower 1(vi)Duties and Responsibilities
Nature of duties and responsibilities attached to the posts  of Assistant  Director  (Engineering)  (Grade-I)/ Assistant Executive Engineer are:— Analysis  of  collected  data  and  compile  them accordingly. Co-relation of technical data required for dealing with  various  types  of  problems  in  the  fields  of  power development. He is also required to deal with cases and handle  matters  in  relation  thereto  including  erection, operation,  maintenance  of  Hydro  and  Thermal  Power Projects as well as Transmission and Distribution Power Systems, studying projects reports providing assistance in preparation of power plants, designs or projects etc. While working in field Units, he is responsible for the Sub-Division or other work allotted to him.


Now, information about group B service.

CENTRAL POWER ENGINEERING, GROUP “B”SERVICE

(i) Probation-Candidates  appointed  to  the  posts  of Assistant Engineer/Assistant Director Grade-II. Group “B” shall be on probation for a period of two years for a further period not exceeding one year. If on expiration of the period of probation referred to above or any extension thereof, as the case may be, the Government are of the opinion that a candidate is not fit for permanent appointment or if at any time during such period of probation or extension, they may discharge or revert him to his substantive post or pass such order as they think fit. During the period of probation, the candidate may be required by the Government to undergo such courses of training and instruction and to pass such examination and tests  as  it  may  think  fit  as  a  condition  to  satisfactory completion of probation.

(ii)Liability  to  serve  in  Defence  Service:—Any  person  appointed,  on  the  result  of  this competitive examination shall if so required, be liable in service  in  any  Defence  Service  or  post  connected  with Defence of India for a period of not less than four years including the period spent in training, if any, provided that
such person :—
(a)   shall not be required to serve as aforesaid after
the  expiry  of  ten  years  from  the  date  of
appointment;
(b)  shall  not  ordinarily  be  required  to  service  as
aforesaid after attaining the age of forty years.

(iii) Scale of Pay
The  scale  of  pay  for  post  of  Central  Power Engineering, Group “B” Servce in the Central Electricity Authority is as follows :—
Electrical,  Mechanical  and  Electronics  and Telecommunication  Engineering  post  in  the  Central Electricity Authority :—power 2

(iv)Promotion to higher grades
The  officers  appointed  to  the  post  of  Assistant Engineer/Assistant  Director,  Grade-II  are  eligible  for promotion  to  higher  grade  viz.  Assistant  Director (Engineering)  (Grade-I)/Assistant  Executive  Engineer, Deputy Director (Engineering)/Executive Engineer/Deputy Director (Engineering) (Non-functional Grade)/Director/ Superintending  Engineer  and  Chief  Engineer  subject  to availability  of  vacancies  in  the  grade  concerned,  after fulfilling  the  conditions  laid  down  in  the  CentraL  Power Engineering (Group-B) Service Rules, 2010 as amended in 2013.

(v)Duties and Responsibilities
Nature of duties and responsibilities attached to the posts of Assistant Engineer/Assistant Director, (Grade-II) are as under :—
Planning for Power Development in the country for the Optimal utilisation of resources. Collection, Analysis and Publication of data. Design engineering and monitoring, Renovation & modernization, Research and development of  power  plants  including  transmission  and  distribution system. Specifying technical standards, Safety regulations for operation and Maintenance of power projects plants, designs or projects etc.

Thank You